Beach leasure

 

Alakol is a bright, colorful lake - a bitter-salty drainless lake of Kazakhstan, located on the Balkhash-Alakol lowland, which is located on the border of Almaty and East Kazakhstan regions, in the Eastern part of the Balkhash-Alakol basin in South-East Kazakhstan. To the South-East of the lake is the pass Dzhungarian gate. It is known as"therapeutic lake".

On the Western shore of the lake is the resort village Koktuma, about 80 kilometers from the Kazakh-Chinese border. About 15 km East of Kabanbai is located balneological resort Barlyk-Arasan with a rehabilitation center for cosmonauts "Dorozhnik". From the North-East to the shore adjacent to a sandy wasteland, Bamakom, but on its outskirts there are mineral springs.

Fall river Urger, Katynsu, of Them, Amanotkel, Yrgayty and Amanti. Alakol and shallow lakes Koshkarkol, Sasykkol and Zhalanashkol form the lake system, the basin area of which is up to 55 thousand km2. In the waters of Alakol there is an increased content of fluorine and bromine.

According to one of the scientific hypotheses on the site of a number of lakes in the early geological era, there was a single vast lake. The hypothesis is based on the data of geological drilling, which found lake sediments in the now dry areas surrounding the lake.

Since ancient times the lake was valued for its medicinal properties. For 15 years on the lake Alakol trying to develop tourism. There are new recreation areas and boarding houses, which allows you to organize a vacation for different needs and means. However, the associated infrastructure is not yet fully developed. The level of service is still insufficient. Outside the recreation areas is difficult to do something. The list of places where you can go on a tour is limited to several objects, including the Dzungarian gate and car crossing "devil's bridge", lake Zhalanashkol.

Plays a role and the distance of the lake from the big cities. The road from Almaty by bus or car takes 9-10 hours. On the way to the station of Koktuma special Charter train that runs seasonally from may to August, requires 16 hours.

 

Balkhash is a drainless semi-freshwater lake in the Balkhash-Alakol basin in the South-East of Kazakhstan, the second largest non-drying up salt lake (after the Caspian sea) and the 14th in the list of the largest lakes in the world. The uniqueness of the lake is that it is divided by a narrow Strait into two parts with different chemical characteristics of water — in the Western part it is almost fresh, and in the East — salty.

The lake belongs to the Balkhash-Alakol water basin and is located in three regions of Kazakhstan: Almaty, Zhambyl and Karaganda. To the North of the lake lies a vast Kazakh hills, to the West stretches Betpak-Dala, and to the South are the Chu-ili mountains, the Sands of Taukum and saryesik-Atyrau.

"Balkhash", according to one version, comes from the word balkas Tatar, Kazakh and Altai languages, which means" swampy area covered with bumps "or"bumps in the swamp." In the Kazakh language "balkite" means "metal melting", "melt". The etymology of the "beam" is confirmed by archaeological data of the expedition of academician A. Margulan in the Balkhash as a hotbed of ancient metallurgy of the Eneolithic and early bronze age.

According to the legend about the origin of the lake, the rich magician Balkhash had a beautiful daughter Ili. When it came time to marry her off, Balkhash announced that he would give his daughter only for the richest, the most beautiful and the strongest. Among the arrived grooms were two sons of the Chinese Emperor with caravans loaded with expensive goods, sons of the Mongolian Khan with herds of horses and silver, as well as young Bukhara merchants with carpets and ivory. However was among those who wished to try their luck and the poor shepherd Karatal, who immediately liked the bride.

After a tough competition, of which Karatal emerged victorious, Balkhash indignantly kicked him out. However, or at night ran away from home and rode with the chosen one from the evil father. After learning about the escape of his daughter, Balkhash cast a spell on the beloved, and they turned into two rivers, rapidly carrying their water from the mountains. And the river never come together, Balkhash fell between them and was gray from the foam of the waves of the lake

There is also a version about the origin of the name from the Avestan Verucosa (Vorwort) and then Varkas Persian, the name is mentioned in the Avesta.

 

 

Kapchagay reservoir is one of the largest reservoirs in Kazakhstan. Its length-180 km, width-22 km. Today it is the most visited place in the Almaty region of summer vacation, where you can fish, swim and sunbathe.

Kapchagay reservoir is located in the ili valley in the Almaty region. It has many ducts and sleeves, shoals and shoals. Gentle slopes are interspersed with rocky coastal landscapes. The coastal zone of Kapchagay reservoir passes through a hollow sloping alluvial plain and foothill spurs of Dzhungarskiy Alatau.

On the West Bank of the reservoir built the city of Kapshagay.

The flood zone included the Ili bed and the left-Bank floodplain of the river Or to the mouth of the Charyn river. In Kapchagay reservoir also flow rivers Turgen, Chilik, Issyk, Talgar, Kaskelen. The right Bank of the root, it passes the channel.

Natural area-semi-desert. The usual landscape of the coasts of the Kapchagay reservoir — Turanga groves, hills, shrub-covered white saxaul, tugai thickets of the jungle with vines and blackberries. In some places, the desert approaches the water. In other places, the coast - it is low-growing willows, tamarisk, steppe plant communities with prevailing xerophytic (gray wormwood) and halophytic (Solyanka) forms.

On the East coast of the reservoir is Almaty reserve. On the Northern shore there is the national natural Park "Altyn-Emel".